Oh, come on! How could I resist a header like that?
Righty-ho, I get asked a lot about jam-making, as though I am some kind of expert. I’m by no means any kind of expert and I probably am guilty of over-cooking some of my jam but it still tastes lovely and is much, much more satisfying than anything you can buy in the shop (particularly if you usually just buy the cheapy value jam like we do. Because we are tightwads like that).
What you will need
A large, deep, heavy-based saucepan / jam pan. It really does need to be deep enough so the rapidly boiling jam doesn’t boil over. Stainless steel or aluminium pans are great. I just use my ‘big pan’ that I got about twelve years ago from Ikea for some princely sum of a fiver or something, it’s both my jam pan and the pan I use for making big batches of soup. I’ve only got a tiny kitchen with very little storage space, so if I can have one pan that does two jobs, that’s perfect!
Wooden spoon. For, you know, stirring. You will be doing a lot of stirring.
A sugar thermometer, if you’re fancy. If you’re not fancy, a clean saucer (or side plate) chilling in the fridge.
Something for pouring the jam into hot jars. I have tried ladles, funnels and all kinds of contraptions but now I find it easiest to just tip the hot jam into a heat-resistant kitchen jug and pour the jam into jars that way.
Jam jars. You can buy these from places like Lakeland and online; or you can do what I do and just save up your old jars. Old jam and marmalade jars are the best – avoid jars that held foods that smell strong (pickles, curry sauces etc) as they are nigh-on impossible to get the smell out of.
Waxed paper circles for the top of the jars, if you want. I’ll be perfectly honest here and say that I don’t bother with them but I do ensure that my lids fit very well and fill my jars up as high as I can.
Oven clock, stopwatch, wristwatch or something that can help you count minutes.
Put your saucer in the fridge to chill, if you’re not fancy enough to have a jam thermometer.
Thoroughly clean your jars in very hot water. You could put them through the dishwasher – I don’t have one of those newfangled contraptions so I have to do the ouchy-ouchy-ouch sink dance each time. Rinse thoroughly in hot water and either dry with a very clean tea-towel (ha! that mythical beast!) or allow to air dry.
You need to sterilise your jars and lids. Most people these days use their dishwashers, I believe, on the hottest setting. Being a pauper without such luxuries, I have to use the old-fashioned oven method. I double up a piece of greaseproof paper and place it on a baking sheet and then place my jars, right way up, on the tray. I pop them in a cool oven (only needs to be 100 degrees C or so) for about fifteen minutes. The lids I soak in boiling water. Don’t waste your electricity or gas by sterilising your jars until you’re half way through your jam making, there really is no point putting them in the oven until your fruit is soft and you are almost ready to add your sugar.
Sort out your fruit
For this post, I’m going to talk about the last batch of jam I made, which was Apple and Bramble with Cinnamon. I will give you some alternatives in my next post. I usually add Bramley apples because I have very kind friends who gift me their windfall apples for nothing, but this time I did actually drag myself down to a leading local supermarket where I bought some for £1 per kilo.
In addition to your fruit, you will also need
- Jam sugar (you can use normal sugar, but I prefer jam sugar particularly when using things that are low in pectin like brambles, you’re pretty much guaranteed a set. Preserving sugar would probably have been OK given that Bramley (cooking) apples are higher in pectin, but hey. It was jam sugar I had in the cupboard so that’s what I used)
- Lemon juice (freshly squeezed lemon juice is always nice, bottles of Jif are also perfectly acceptable!)
- You’ll notice that I used cinnamon. I just use the ground stuff, for ease. You could use mixed spices instead of pure cinnamon, or you could just leave the spices out altogether, it still tastes lovely.
Ready? Let’s cook!
Weigh/measure out the following and set aside:
900g of fruit – in this recipe I used 450g each of brambles and Bramley apples. The apples are peeled, cored and cut down into small pieces.
900g sugar (as mentioned, I used Whitworths Jam Sugar)
2 tablespoons of water
Juice of one lemon (or equivalent if using bottled juice. It’s not an exact science, I just put about 1.5 tablespoons in. I’m crazy that way.)
Spices, if using (ground spices are easier than fishing about for muslin bags or fishing bits of twigs out of hot jam). Again, it’s not an exact science and it’s fun to experiment so don’t be too precious about precise measurements.
This will make about 3.5 normal-sized (454g or thereabouts) jars of jam. I always sterilise more jars than I need and try and have a variety of sizes.
Set your hob to a medium setting just to get it started off. If you have an Aga, swear at it a bit, cross your fingers and hope for the best.
Add your apples and the water, once it is cooking away nicely wallop that bad boy hob down to its lowest setting.
(If you’re not using apples, just whack all your fruit in at this point)
Stir. For ages. The trick for the best taste is to cook the fruit as slowly as possible so the fruit gradually softens and the flavours really come out. This isn’t a job you can rush.
I hired a slave-child for this particular task, I can highly recommend it. Obviously, you will need to conduct a health and safety briefing before plonking child-slave on chair, and do not leave child-slave unattended.
After a while, the apples will start to break down nicely into a very satisfying mush. Keep stirring to make sure they don’t start to catch and burn on the bottom of the pan.
At the point where the apples break up easily when jabbed with the wooden spoon, you can add your berries and your spices (if using). This is a good time to pop your jars into the oven to sterilise, if you’re doing things the old-fashioned way. Don’t forget to soak your lids in boiling water as well.
Continue to give words of encouragement to child-slave, if using, by bribing with blackberry crumble and muffins.
Reward yourself with a cuppa.
Eventually, with constant stirring, the fruit will turn into a delightful reddish-purple mush like something from a zombie film and the fruit will have broken down into pieces small enough for jam. Some people like bigger chunks of fruit, some like smaller so just keep stirring and nagging and moithering the fruit with your wooden spoon until they get to the right size. Or, like me, you can cheat and speed this process up a bit by attacking it with a potato masher. I can practically hear Marguerite Patten spinning in her grave but hey, it works.
Once the fruit is the consistency you want, add your lemon juice and stir well.
This is where things get interesting, and sometimes a bit scary….dum-dum-duuuuuuuuuuuum!
Now it’s time to add the sugar. It is REALLY important that you pay attention to this bit. This bit isn’t really suitable for child-slaves, who should now be sent off to play Minecraft or stoat about the neighbourhood with NERF guns or something.
Only add the sugar when you are 100% sure that your fruit is soft and small enough for you. Once you add the sugar, the fruit will no longer soften.
With the heat still on its LOWEST setting, add the sugar, all in one go. Stir well. Keep stirring until all the sugar is dissolved (you’ll be able to hear it, undissolved sugar sort of scratches and grates as you stir it). Pay attention to the sides of the pan too.
Once you are sure that all your sugar has dissolved, remove your wooden spoon and whack the heat right up. This really is the test of your mettle right here! As the jam starts to rapidly boil you are going to want to stir it to stop it catching and burning on the bottom of the pan, but you must try and resist any more than the most cursory stir. Stirring lowers the temperature of the jam and delays the setting point but I do appreciate that you don’t want it to burn, so give a wee stir if you think it might be starting to catch.
All jams will reach a setting point at different times. If you use a jam thermometer it’s all fairly straightforward and you can big up your own bad self. If you use the wrinkle-test saucer method, you’ll need to check your jam regularly after it has been boiling for around 3 minutes.
After three minutes, remove the jam from the heat.
Use a teaspoon to grab some jam and drop a dod of it onto your cold saucer. Wait a moment, then use your index finger to lightly touch the jam and look to see if it wrinkles. If it does, that’s you done. If it doesn’t, then return your pan to the heat and continue to rapid boil. Repeat every minute until your test wrinkles – don’t forget to remove your jam from the heat every time you test. You don’t want to accidentally miss the setting point, or you’ll never get your jam to set properly.
Once you have your jam at setting point, give it a good final stir and pour it into a heatproof kitchen jug, being careful not to splash. Because, my god, hot jam is painful.
Grab your jars, drain your lids. Carefully pour the jam into each hot jar right to the top just before it narrows for the lid. Put lid on tightly as soon as you possibly can. TAKE CARE! Jars, lids AND jam are all hot! (I can’t say this enough, because without fail I forget and try to pick up a red hot jar). If you end up with half a jar, don’t worry, it’ll be fine in the fridge and be demolished before it can spoil.
Let the jars cool and wait for that delightful sound of the lids popping as the jam cools. Once cool, wipe any jam spills with a clean sponge and hot water, label with ingredients and date, and store in a cool, dark place.
Slap yourself on the back for being an awesome jam-maker, and tackle the washing up. Or load the dishwasher, if you’re all fancy-like.
The next post will share some of my favourite preserving recipes.